Yes, this is a question we often get asked! So here, for the record, is a list of the ten trees identified by Diana Beresford-Kroeger as crucial to saving our planet. They were selected for their robustness, ability to sequester carbon from the atmosphere, ability to withstand temperature change, drought hardiness and for their use as a food source for humans, birds, bats, insects and mammals. The trees are native to different parts of the world, so if you decide you want to plant one, please make sure it is native to your area!
1. The English Oak Quercus robar
This tree, also commonly referred to as the Irish Oak or Truffle Oak is native to Asia Minor (an area corresponding to the western two-thirds of Turkey), North Africa, the Caucasus (a geopolitical region at the border of Europe and Asia) and Europe.
2. The Black Walnut Juglans Nigra
The Black Walnut is native to North America, where it is found in central and eastern USA and eastern Canada. It is renowned for it’s beautiful hardwood and nuts.
3. Redwood Sequoia semervirens
The Redwood is also referred to as the California Redwood or Coast Redwood. It is an evergreen native to the Pacific coast of North America.
4. Atlas Cedar Cedrus atlantica
This cedar is often found in temperate gardens but is native to the Atlas Mountains of Morocco and Algeria in northern Africa.
5. Baobob Tree Adansonia digitata
Also referred to as the Monkey Bread or Dead Rat tree, the Baobob can grow to a massive girth of 28 meters! It is native to hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa.
6. Red Mangrove Rhizophora mangle
The Red Mangrove likes to grow in swampy areas worldwide, in coastal and estuarine areas of the tropics and subtropics of the northern and the southern hemispheres.
7. Teak Tectona grandis
Most famous for the beautiful furniture it is made into, teak is a deciduous hardwood tree native to India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, northern Thailand, and northwestern Laos.
8. Mountain Ash Eucalyptus Eucalyptus regnans
Also commonly called the swamp gum tree, Eucalyptus regnans can grow to well over 300 feet. It is native to southeastern Australia,Tasmania and Victoria.
9. Sugi Cryptomeria japonica
This is the national tree of its native Japan, where is is considered sacred and planted around shrines and temples. It is commonly called the Japanese ceder, but it is not a true cedar and is more closely related to the sequoia.
10. Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris
The Scots Pine, also known as the Scotch Pine or Scotch Fir, is the most widespread conifer in the world. It is native to Europe and Asia, ranging from Scotland and Portugal in the west, to Siberia in the east, south to the Caucasus Mountains , and north to the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia.